The Biochemistry of Movement > 9.7.1. ATP is the energy currency of every living cell > A Molecule Contains Three Phosphate Groups >
Explain that the biologically important part of the molecule contains three phosphate groups
- ATP consists of a base (Adenine in this case), a ribose (sugar) and a phosphate chain.
- The phosphate chain is the key to the activity of ATP. The phosphate groups are broken away through the process of hydrolysis.
- Hydrolysis: When one phosphate group is dismissed via hydrolysis, Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP) is left behind and a significant amount of energy is produced. • This phosphate chain is considered to be the biologically important part of the molecule because it is the site of the energy producing reaction.
- The ATP molecule is often compared to a bank account or battery. This is because the molecule can recycle itself into ATP again after it has become ADP, simply by picking up another phosphate.