The Biochemistry of Movement > 9.7.2. Carbohydrates are an important part of an athlete’s diet > Carbohydrates Are Composed of Carbon, Hydrogen And Oxygen >
Identify that carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen according to the formula: Cx(H2O)y
- The general ratio for carbohydrates is C:H:O = 1:2:1.
- There are three different types of carbohydrates: monosaccharides (single sugars), disaccharides (two sugars joined), and polysaccharides (a chain of many sugars).
- The most common examples of monosaccharides are glucose and fructose.
- The most common examples of disaccharides are sucrose, lactose and maltose.