Reducing And Non-Reducing Sugars

Describe the chemical difference between reducing and non-reducing sugars

Reducing Sugars

– sugars that contain an hydroxyl (-OH) group attached to the anomeric carbon (reactive carbonyl carbon in the open chain of a sugar) which can be oxidized or acts as reducing agent

Examples: glucose, lactose, maltose

Non-reducing Sugars

– Sugars that cannot act as reducing agent and contain no free aldehyde or ketone group

Examples: trehalose, sucrose