- When dehydrated in the presence of a dehydrating agents, alcohols produce alkenes and water.
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Substitution with HX
- Alcohols react with hydrogen halides (HX) to produce alkyl halides and water.
- When oxidized, alcohols produce aldehydes and ketones. On further oxidation, carboxylic acids are produced.
- Only primary and secondary alcohols undergo oxidation in the presence of sodium or potassium dichromate.
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