Explain the properties within and between the homologous series of alkanes with reference to the intermolecular and intramolecular bonding present

  • Symmetrical alkanes are generally non-polar and the only form of attraction they have with neighbouring molecules is the Van der Waals dispersion forces.
  • Higher the number of carbons in alkanes, greater their bonds and thus consecutively, the state of alkane goes from gaseous to solid.
  • Due to very feeble polarity, alkanes do not dissolve in other polar solvents like water. However, they are soluble in organic solvents because they have Van der Waals force which can be replaced by new ones when they are dissolved in organic solvents.