Syllabus Keywords

A glossary of keywords used in the HSC Chemistry Syllabus (and in other subjects as well)

Extract from A glossary of key words (HSC). © 2010, Board of Studies NSW.


Account: Account for: state reasons for, report on. Give an account of: narrate a series of events or transactions.

Analyse: Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications.

Apply: Use, utilise, employ in a particular situation.

Appreciate: Make a judgement about the value of.

Assess: Make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes, results or size.

Calculate: Ascertain/determine from given facts, figures or information.

Clarify: Make clear or plain.

Classify: Arrange or include in classes/categories.

Compare: Show how things are similar or different.

Construct: Make; build; put together items or arguments.

Contrast: Show how things are different or opposite.

Critically (analyse/evaluate):     Add a degree or level of accuracy depth, knowledge and understanding, logic, questioning, reflection and quality to (analysis/evaluation).

Deduce: Draw conclusions.

Define: State meaning and identify essential qualities.

Demonstrate: Show by example.

Describe: Provide characteristics and features.

Discuss: Identify issues and provide points for and/or against.

Distinguish: Recognise or note/indicate as being distinct or different from; to note differences between.

Evaluate: Make a judgement based on criteria; determine the value of.

Examine: Inquire into.

Explain: Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide why 
and/or how.

Extract: Choose relevant and/or appropriate details.

Extrapolate: Infer from what is known.

Identify: Recognise and name.

Interpret: Draw meaning from.

Investigate: Plan, inquire into and draw conclusions about.

Justify: Support an argument or conclusion.

Outline: Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of.

Predict: Suggest what may happen based on available information.

Propose: Put forward (for example a point of view, idea, argument, suggestion) for 
consideration or action.

Recall: Present remembered ideas, facts or experiences.

Recommend: Provide reasons in favour.

Recount: Retell a series of events.

Summarise: Express, concisely, the relevant details.

Synthesise: Putting together various elements to make a whole.


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