A glossary of keywords used in the HSC Chemistry Syllabus (and in other subjects as well)
Extract from A glossary of key words (HSC). © 2010, Board of Studies NSW.
Account: Account for: state reasons for, report on. Give an account of: narrate a series of events or transactions.
Analyse: Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications.
Apply: Use, utilise, employ in a particular situation.
Appreciate: Make a judgement about the value of.
Assess: Make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes, results or size.
Calculate: Ascertain/determine from given facts, figures or information.
Clarify: Make clear or plain.
Classify: Arrange or include in classes/categories.
Compare: Show how things are similar or different.
Construct: Make; build; put together items or arguments.
Contrast: Show how things are different or opposite.
Critically (analyse/evaluate): Add a degree or level of accuracy depth, knowledge and understanding, logic, questioning, reflection and quality to (analysis/evaluation).
Deduce: Draw conclusions.
Define: State meaning and identify essential qualities.
Demonstrate: Show by example.
Describe: Provide characteristics and features.
Discuss: Identify issues and provide points for and/or against.
Distinguish: Recognise or note/indicate as being distinct or different from; to note differences between.
Evaluate: Make a judgement based on criteria; determine the value of.
Examine: Inquire into.
Explain: Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide why
Extract: Choose relevant and/or appropriate details.
Extrapolate: Infer from what is known.
Identify: Recognise and name.
Interpret: Draw meaning from.
Investigate: Plan, inquire into and draw conclusions about.
Justify: Support an argument or conclusion.
Outline: Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of.
Predict: Suggest what may happen based on available information.
Propose: Put forward (for example a point of view, idea, argument, suggestion) for
consideration or action.
Recall: Present remembered ideas, facts or experiences.
Recommend: Provide reasons in favour.
Recount: Retell a series of events.
Summarise: Express, concisely, the relevant details.
Synthesise: Putting together various elements to make a whole.