Common Acids

The Acidic Environment‎ > ‎3. Acids‎ >

Identify acids including acetic (ethanoic), citric (2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic), hydrochloric and  sulfuric acid

Acetic acid Citric acid Hydrochloric acid Sulfuric acid
CH3COOH C6H8O7 HCl (aq) H2SO4
Proper name
Ethanoic acid 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
Weak Weak Strong Strong
Colourless liquid with a strong odour White crystalline solid Colourless acid that forms when hydrogen chloride gas dissociates in water Thick colourless liquid
Where found Vinegar

Citrus fruits (e.g. lemons)

Produced industrially and in human stomach

Produced industrially and found in acid rain